Make It Happen
My Tipsheets are chock full of ideas. They are all aimed at translating knowledge into a quick, action-oriented 60-second nugget.

First Name:
Last Name:
Tipsheet Archive
Randall's Resources
Whenever I speak or write, I often prepare extra "bonus" materials.
Enter the Resource Code to access this special content:
Resource Code:
Try this example Resource Code: eventplanning

Persona Grata

by Randall Craig on June 8, 2010

Filed in: Blog, Blogging, Make It Happen Tipsheet

Tagged as: , , ,

When you are doing a major presentation, writing a blog, or posting on Twitter, how do you know whether what you say is hitting the mark? And how can you improve the effectiveness of your message? One of the more clever techniques that marketers use for this purpose – and you can too – is that of the “Persona”.

A Persona is a constructed person – a proxy – for your target audience. The Persona allows you to step into the shoes (and into the mind) of a particular type of audience member, reader, or viewer. This is how to make one:

  • Create a demographic and psychographic profile of your primary target audience. Demographics refer to age, gender, education level, etc. Psychographics refer to how they think: their personality, attitudes, values, interests, or lifestyle.
  • Give the Persona a name.
  • Write a paragraph (or two) to flesh out their story.
  • If there is a secondary audience that you are hoping to target, repeat the process.

A short example: Jennifer is a long-time client, and values loyalty over all else. She is in her mid-thirties, married with two children, and holds a job as an IT manager in the financial services world. She spends her free time hiking with her family near her cottage, or attending kick-boxing classes during the week. She completed her MBA two years ago, and is looking for a way to advance her career.

Another example: Sam has been with the client for over thirty years, and is looking forward to retirement. A “Play it Safe” manager, he has relied on his network of long-time colleagues to help him get things done and steer clear of risk. Sam has always been uncomfortable with technology, preferring to focus on developing strong personal relationships instead. He is viewed by others as an elder statesman, and has mentored many of the young up-and-comers in the organization. In his free time at home, he enjoys playing chess, and is hoping to complete his memoirs when he retires.

While you are crafting your presentation (or writing your post), a Persona allows you to focus your work on an explicit target group: in other words, are you writing for Jennifer, or for Sam? And when you shift into editing mode, the Persona lets you ask the question: “How would Jennifer react to this? What would Sam think?” By personalizing the audience with a Persona, our thinking, writing, and speaking can be far more focused.

This week’s action plan: Who are your Jennifers and Sams? Create a Persona for your key audience(s). Then after you write your next report, blog post, or presentation – but before you send it out – test it on the Persona: what would “Jennifer” think about it? Would Sam react as you want him to react?

Bonus: The concept of a Persona is just as powerful as a sales tool: this week, create a Persona that represents your “perfect” client. When it comes to product development, ask whether Jennifer would find the innovation useful. When it comes to finding new prospects, ask yourself where people like Sam could be found. When it comes to writing a brochure or advertisement, ask yourself how each Persona would react to your pitch.

Note: The Make It Happen Tipsheet is also available by email. Go to to register.

Randall Craig

@RandallCraig (follow me)



Randall has been advising on Web and Social Strategy since 1994 when he put the Toronto Star online, the Globe and Mail's GlobeInvestor/Globefund, several financial institutions, and about 100+ other major organizations. He is the author of seven books, including the recently released "Everything Guide to Starting an Online Business", and speaks across North America on Social Media and Web Strategy. More at and

Previous post:

Next post: